Story

Leadership in School Construction: New Strategies for Reducing Costs

School dis­tricts from across the coun­try are demand­ing that new school build­ings be designed and con­struct­ed to deliv­er supe­ri­or lev­els of per­for­mance while also pro­vid­ing the most energy‑e cient, safe and e ective learn­ing spaces pos­si­ble – all with­in a strict bud­get. Under increas­ing pres­sure to rein in costs, meet new, more strin­gent build­ing codes and reduce their envi­ron­men­tal foot­print, school dis­tricts are now at the fore­front of a grow­ing trend of ener­gy- e cient and sus­tain­able con­struc­tion prac­tices.

This paper will look at the design objec­tives, con­struc­tion prac­tices and mate­ri­als essen­tial to build­ing new schools that improve ener­gy effi­cien­cy while cre­at­ing safer, qui­eter and more pro­duc­tive learn­ing and social envi­ron­ments. It will also explain how insu­lat­ed con­crete block will not only pro­vide sig­ni cant ener­gy con­ser­va­tion, but will also cre­ate more com­fort­able and pro­duc­tive learn­ing spaces with extra­or­di­nary lev­els of re and storm pro­tec­tion for school build­ings.

Dis­tricts are rais­ing their stan­dards for effi­cient sys­tems. The build­ing enve­lope is a major fac­tor because ener­gy codes are becom­ing stricter. Using the right build­ing mate­ri­als, like insu­lat­ed con­crete block, is key to con­struct­ing a bet­ter build­ing enve­lope.

THE EMPHASIS ON BUILDING ENERGY-EFFICIENT HIGH-PERFORMANCE SCHOOLS IS A RECENT PRIORITY

From the post-World War II years until the 2000s, ener­gy effi­cien­cy and qual­i­ty of learn­ing spaces was often an after­thought in the design and con­struc­tion of new schools.

The post-war baby boom led to a surge of K‑12 school build­ing con­struc­tion with more than $20 bil­lion spent on new schools from 1949 through 19641. The empha­sis of school dis­tricts dur­ing this peri­od was to build strong, sol­id, durable struc­tures that were func­tion­al, afford­able and could be con­struct­ed quick­ly enough to meet the demand of rapid­ly grow­ing com­mu­ni­ties with hun­dreds of thou­sands of new ele­men­tary, mid­dle and high school stu­dents.

This also marked the rst time that mod­ern HVAC sys­tems were incor­po­rat­ed into the design and con­struc­tion of school build­ings to pro­vide air con­di­tion­ing in areas of the coun­try where hot weath­er last­ed well into the school year. Nei­ther the build­ings nor the HVAC sys­tems installed to serve them were very effec­tive at con­serv­ing ener­gy, but it wasn’t a prob­lem, since the ener­gy options avail­able were abun­dant and a ord­able.

In the last 10 – 15 years, how­ev­er, school dis­tricts have become increas­ing­ly com­mit­ted to mak­ing ener­gy con­ser­va­tion and effi­cien­cy – and the size­able and sus­tained cost sav­ings that accom­pa­ny ener­gy- e cient con­struc­tion – a high­er pri­or­i­ty than ever before. Archi­tects, engi­neers and con­struc­tion rms that con­cen­trate on school facil­i­ties have been striv­ing to raise the bar for ener­gy effi­cien­cy ever since.

Today, there is a new build­ing boom of school con­struc­tion, espe­cial­ly across the Sun Belt area of the U.S. where pop­u­la­tions are explod­ing at a record pace. The design and con­struc­tion of these schools will impact mul­ti­ple gen­er­a­tions of stu­dents, teach­ers, admin­is­tra­tors and com­mu­ni­ties.

Where new school con­struc­tion used to focus exclu­sive­ly on cost and dura­bil­i­ty, today there are mul­ti­ple issues of equal mer­it, includ­ing imme­di­ate and life­time oper­at­ing costs, indoor envi­ron­men­tal qual­i­ty, noise mit­i­ga­tion, re and storm safe­ty, and cre­at­ing the best learn­ing and work­ing envi­ron­ment for every stu­dent, teacher and sta mem­ber who will ever spend time in the build­ing.

Even as new build­ing codes demand unprece­dent­ed lev­els of ener­gy effi­cien­cy, many schools con­tin­ue to be con­struct­ed in very much the same man­ner that they were dur­ing the post-war build­ing boom. The solu­tions” imple­ment­ed to increase ener­gy effi­cien­cy are often just adding more and more lay­ers of mate­ri­als over exist­ing build­ing sys­tems in an e ort to cre­ate a bet­ter insu­lat­ed and high­er per­form­ing build­ing. Yet adding addi­tion­al lay­ers of mate­ri­als requires more com­plex design and con­struc­tion sequenc­ing, and increas­es costs for the added mate­ri­als and labor.

Before mov­ing for­ward with the design and con­struc­tion of this next wave of school build­ings, archi­tects, builders and school dis­trict admin­is­tra­tors should recon­sid­er which mate­ri­als will be most effec­tive in con­struct­ing ener­gy-effi­cient, high-per­for­mance schools. They should com­pare tra­di­tion­al build­ing mate­ri­als with more inte­grat­ed build­ing prod­ucts and sys­tems that can meet, and even exceed the demands of new codes, while reduc­ing the cost and com­plex­i­ty of con­struc­tion. Under­stand­ing these options is crit­i­cal to ensur­ing that school dis­trict admin­is­tra­tors can make informed deci­sions that will impact their respec­tive com­mu­ni­ties for the bet­ter part of this cen­tu­ry.

OVERCOMING THE MULTIPLE CHALLENGES OF BUILDING HIGH-PERFORMANCE SCHOOLS

New schools require designs and building materials that meet the standards of today – and tomorrow.

In 2015, school dis­trict admin­is­tra­tors know that the choic­es they make today regard­ing the design and con­struc­tion of a school will have a long-term eco­nom­ic and envi­ron­men­tal impact that could eas­i­ly last 30, 40 or 50 years. That’s why ener­gy effi­cien­cy is o en among the top cri­te­ria of plan­ning for a new school.2

Ener­gy-effi­cient design starts with archi­tects that make the best use of the space avail­able and take into account every oppor­tu­ni­ty to min­i­mize or max­i­mize heat gain through build­ing ori­en­ta­tion and enve­lope design in order to take advan­tage of local cli­mate and weath­er. This includes min­i­miz­ing east- and west-fac­ing glaz­ing to reduce heat loads on a build­ing, and using e ective nat­ur­al day­light­ing through the incor­po­ra­tion of north- fac­ing cleresto­ry win­dows or south-fac­ing win­dows with prop­er shad­ing to lim­it the need for light­ing and reduce elec­tric­i­ty costs. Prop­er­ly designed shad­ing over south-fac­ing win­dows will also allow for heat gain dur­ing win­ter months to fur­ther reduce the need for mechan­i­cal heat­ing.

Anoth­er major deci­sion cen­ters on the struc­tur­al and enve­lope sys­tems and build­ing mate­ri­als, which, in most cas­es, are inter­de­pen­dent. A num­ber of cri­te­ria should be con­sid­ered in select­ing these sys­tems and the mate­ri­als used in the con­struc­tion of a new school, includ­ing: rst costs of con­struc­tion; long-term oper­at­ing costs; occu­pant com­fort and pro­duc­tiv­i­ty; occu­pant health and safe­ty; and sus­tain­abil­i­ty.

FIRST COSTS: Today, many design­ers are try­ing to get exist­ing sys­tems up to code by imple­ment­ing mul­ti­ple incre­men­tal changes, essen­tial­ly adding insu­la­tion and air bar­ri­er lay­ers to con­crete mason­ry and steel struc­tures. This approach increas­es both the cost and com­plex­i­ty of con­struc­tion, while also cre­at­ing new chal­lenges, like slow­ing the speed of con­struc­tion, which in turn, leads to high­er build­ing costs.

OPERATING COSTS: Ensur­ing that a new build­ing per­forms at peak effi­cien­cy starts with durable, qual­i­ty con­struc­tion that pro­vides con­tin­u­ous insu­la­tion, ther­mal mass and air tight­ness. This requires a build­ing enve­lope that elim­i­nates air in ltra­tion with no degra­da­tion in per­for­mance over time. It also means erad­i­cat­ing prob­lems with mois­ture, mildew, mold, and rot. All of these fac­tors con­tribute to reduc­ing the costs of ener­gy con­sump­tion, main­te­nance and repairs over the life­time of the build­ing.

IMPROVED LEARNING ENVIRONMENT: Research has proven that light­ing, air qual­i­ty and noise lev­els all have a mea­sur­able impact on stu­dent achieve­ment. 3 Indoor envi­ron­ments designed for opti­mum lev­els of enjoy­ment and learn­ing pro­duc­tiv­i­ty are con­struct­ed to pro­vide a num­ber of impor­tant bene ts. These include clean air through­out the build­ing, year-round ther­mal com­fort, noise mit­i­ga­tion and nat­ur­al day­light­ing. In order to achieve this high lev­el of per­for­mance, build­ings must be air tight with engi­neered HVAC sys­tems and mechan­i­cal­ly fil­tered ven­ti­la­tion that vir­tu­al­ly elim­i­nates out­side pol­lu­tants and aller­gens. Prop­er build­ing ori­en­ta­tion man­ages nat­ur­al light to min­i­mize heat­ing and cool­ing loads year round.

HEALTH & SAFETY: Healthy schools are clean, qui­et, dry, free of dust and par­tic­u­lates, and have good indoor air qual­i­ty. 4 While air-tight con­struc­tion and well-designed HVAC sys­tems lim­it out­side pol­lu­tants and aller­gens, new school build­ings should also be con­struct­ed using mate­ri­als that are not sus­cep­ti­ble to mold and mildew growth that can lead to res­pi­ra­to­ry issues for stu­dents, teach­ers and sta . From a safe­ty per­spec­tive, these build­ings should use mate­ri­als that are re resis­tant and can pro­vide storm safe­ty that far exceeds stan­dards. This is espe­cial­ly impor­tant in areas along the coast­line or where tor­na­does are com­mon.

SUSTAINABILITY: In order to reduce the envi­ron­men­tal foot­print of the new build­ing, con­struc­tion must include the use of energy‑e cient mate­ri­als, recy­cled mate­ri­als and region­al mate­ri­als that all work togeth­er to ensure max­i­mum per­for­mance and cost-sav­ings dur­ing the entire lifes­pan of the build­ing.

UPDATING TRADITIONAL BUILDING SYSTEMS TO MEET NEW MARKET DEMANDS

Mod­i­fy­ing exist­ing build­ing sys­tems to achieve high per­for­mance stan­dards is too often a dif­fi­cult and cost­ly com­pro­mise.

School dis­tricts are ask­ing much more from new school build­ings than ever before. Build­ing codes are also requir­ing bet­ter per­for­mance with respect to ener­gy effi­cien­cy and life safe­ty. For these rea­sons, school dis­tricts are look­ing for mate­ri­als that are more ener­gy effi­cient, more sus­tain­able (espe­cial­ly as might apply to LEED projects), eas­i­er to install, more func­tion­al, more reli­able and durable and more cost-effec­tive than in the past. This includes prod­ucts that pro­vide high­er R‑value insu­la­tion and cre­ate ther­mal breaks.5

This has chal­lenged archi­tects, con­trac­tors and build­ing mate­ri­als man­u­fac­tur­ers to mod­i­fy their build­ing designs, con­struc­tion meth­ods and mate­ri­als spec­i­fi­ca­tions.

The nat­ur­al response to these new cri­te­ria has been to mod­i­fy or add to the tra­di­tion­al mate­ri­als and sys­tem designs in order to pro­vide the addi­tion­al per­for­mance required. Rather than start with a new sys­tem, the archi­tec­ture-engi­neer­ing-con­struc­tion indus­try has found it eas­i­er to sim­ply stick with what they have always done and attempt to make modi cations to meet the new, high­ly evolved per­for­mance goals.

For wall sys­tems in par­tic­u­lar, this has meant adding mul­ti­ple lay­ers of mate­ri­als to meet each of the indi­vid­ual objec­tives. The two most com­mon wall sys­tems used in the con­struc­tion of school build­ings have been con­crete mason­ry and struc­tur­al steel with light-gauge fram­ing.

The chal­lenge for these sys­tems has been address­ing the insu­la­tion and air tight­ness required to meet the new ener­gy effi­cien­cy goals, while also avoid­ing re and life-safe­ty con­cerns intro­duced by the addi­tion­al insu­lat­ing and air bar­ri­er mate­ri­als. Adding lay­ers to both of these tra­di­tion­al sys­tems has intro­duced more com­plex­i­ty in design­ing the details of a wall sys­tem, espe­cial­ly at win­dow and door open­ings, con­nec­tions to oth­er build­ing ele­ments, and inte­gra­tion with exte­ri­or nish­es. These more com­plex designs have also increased the amount of time and mon­ey it takes to con­struct a school build­ing. More lay­ers of mate­r­i­al means more trades on a job site, more coor­di­na­tion issues as each trade attempts to accom­plish their scope of work, and more labor required over­all to get the job done. Adding lay­ers of mate­ri­als to increase ener­gy effi­cien­cy results in chal­leng­ing many con­trac­tors’ bud­gets and sched­ules.

The hier­ar­chy of needs has focused the atten­tion of design and con­struc­tion pro­fes­sion­als on meet­ing chang­ing build­ing codes rst. Wall com­po­nent man­u­fac­tur­ers have respond­ed by pro­vid­ing code-com­pli­ant acces­so­ry mate­ri­als that can be added to mason­ry and steel frame wall con­struc­tion. How­ev­er, many of the options stop at min­i­mum code com­pli­ance with respect to ener­gy effi­cien­cy and air tight­ness, and do not sig­ni cant­ly improve the per­for­mance of the build­ing from the per­spec­tive of re safe­ty, storm safe­ty and long-term sus­tain­abil­i­ty.

Design teams should con­sid­er the fol­low­ing points when eval­u­at­ing modi cations to exist­ing wall sys­tems like con­crete mason­ry and steel con­struc­tion for school build­ing projects.

(See Table 1.1 at bot­tom for sum­ma­ry):

FIRST COSTS: Both con­crete mason­ry and struc­tur­al steel with light-gauge fram­ing require addi­tion­al insu­la­tion and air bar­ri­er lay­ers, and in some cas­es, mul­ti­ple insu­lat­ing mate­ri­als in an assem­bly. While these tra­di­tion­al sys­tems have been rel­a­tive­ly cost e ective to date, the increased num­ber of mate­ri­als and trades involved in pro­vid­ing a com­plete wall sys­tem today has made con­struc­tion slow­er, more com­plex and more cost­ly. Speed of con­struc­tion and increased labor costs are sig­ni cant chal­lenges for these wall sys­tems.

OPERATING COSTS: Both sys­tems can be designed to meet the cur­rent ener­gy codes, but are expen­sive in regard to achiev­ing sig­ni cant­ly high­er per­for­mance than code requires. Cost of main­te­nance and repair for con­crete mason­ry is good, how­ev­er light­weight steel fram­ing and cav­i­ty wall designs are still chal­lenged in the long term with mold, rot and over­all dura­bil­i­ty issues.

IMPROVED LEARNING ENVIRONMENT: With prop­er insu­la­tion and air bar­ri­er design, both sys­tems can pro­vide a rea­son­able lev­el of air tight­ness and ener­gy effi­cien­cy. How­ev­er, it may be more di cult to achieve opti­mal per­for­mance from the steel cav­i­ty wall con­struc­tion. Con­crete mason­ry can pro­vide bet­ter poten­tial ther­mal com­fort and noise reduc­tion than steel con­struc­tion, thanks to the insu­la­tion and ther­mal mass of the wall.

HEALTH & SAFETY: Again, with prop­er air bar­ri­er and sealant design and con­struc­tion, both sys­tems can pro­vide a rea­son­able lev­el of air tight­ness to reduce the in ltra­tion of aller­gens and pol­lu­tants into class­rooms. How­ev­er, cav­i­ty wall con­struc­tion is much more sus­cep­ti­ble to mold and rot which can be com­pound­ed by more air­tight build­ings. For both sys­tems, re igni­tion bar­ri­ers must be installed over the insu­la­tion if its com­bustible. Con­crete mason­ry can only pro­vide major storm pro­tec­tion when ful­ly grout­ed. Steel con­struc­tion is not nor­mal­ly rat­ed for wind­storm pro­tec­tion.

SUSTAINABILITY: For both sys­tems, it can be cost­ly to achieve more than code-com­pli­ant lev­els of ener­gy effi­cien­cy, but sig­ni cant­ly hard­er for steel con­struc­tion than mason­ry. Mason­ry walls also con­tribute sig­ni cant weight of mate­r­i­al to a project, while steel con­struc­tion requires many dif­fer­ent mate­ri­als to com­plete an assem­bly. Nei­ther sys­tem pro­vides any sig­ni cant amount of recy­cled mate­ri­als.

In most cas­es, mason­ry may be a local­ly pro­duced prod­uct. Build­ing life cycles are usu­al­ly good with mason­ry con­struc­tion, yet only mod­est with struc­tur­al steel.

NEW MATERIALS MAKE IT POSSIBLE TO BUILD BETTER LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS WHILE REDUCING ENERGY COSTS

Ener­gy-effi­cient insu­lat­ed con­crete block pro­vides imme­di­ate and long-term ben­e­fits to new school build­ings.

Schools spend more on ener­gy than on any oth­er expense except personnel.6 Con­struct­ing an ener­gy- e cient school is one of the best invest­ments a school dis­trict can make. The key to that invest­ment is build­ing a school with mate­ri­als that con­serve ener­gy, reduce costs and pro­vide a clean­er, more com­fort­able envi­ron­ment for stu­dents, teach­ers and staff.

Con­struct­ing a bet­ter build­ing enve­lope is crit­i­cal to build­ing a school that achieves these goals, meets new code require­ments and reduces oper­at­ing costs. A bet­ter build­ing enve­lope starts with insu­lat­ed con­crete block.

Ener­gy effi­cien­cy in a new school starts with the build­ing enve­lope. Insu­lat­ed con­crete block is bridg­ing the gap in pro­vid­ing a con­tin­u­ous insu­la­tion solu­tion that can be con­struct­ed as a sin­gle solu­tion instead of a series of sys­tems. This stream­lines the process, reduces costs for con­struc­tion, and will pro­vide great cost sav­ings every year as long as the school is in use.”— Manuel H. Garza, Project Man­ag­er, LEED AP Pfluger Archi­tects

Bau­tex Block is an insu­lat­ed con­crete block used to con­struct schools and com­mer­cial build­ings that pro­vides ther­mal and sound insu­la­tion that exceeds cur­rent build­ing codes, improves com­fort and air qual­i­ty, and deliv­ers excep­tion­al fire and storm safe­ty – all while offer­ing sig­nif­i­cant year-over-year cost- sav­ings to the school dis­trict that by sav­ing mil­lions of dol­lars over the life of the build­ing.

Bau­tex Block is a light­weight, mod­u­lar and mor­tar­less wall sys­tem where blocks are stacked and then lled with rein­forced con­crete to cre­ate an insu­lat­ed struc­tur­al wall. The wall sys­tem is con­struct­ed using the same labor, tools and tech­niques as those used in tra­di­tion­al con­crete mason­ry con­struc­tion. Plumb­ing and elec­tri­cal sys­tems are typ­i­cal­ly added a er the walls are con­struct­ed.

The Bau­tex Block is chang­ing the way new schools are built today, and how those schools will ben­e­fit their com­mu­ni­ties for the next 40 – 50 years. From increas­ing ener­gy effi­cien­cy and reduc­ing the car­bon foot­print to pro­vid­ing a clean­er, health­i­er and safer learn­ing envi­ron­ment, Bau­tex Block will set the stan­dard for build­ing mate­ri­als used to con­struct schools. Most impor­tant­ly, the amount of mon­ey saved from reduc­ing oper­a­tional costs will be enor­mous over the life­time of the build­ing.”

— David Sterne, VP Sales and Busi­ness Devel­op­ment Bau­tex Sys­tems

The result is a sim­ply con­struct­ed, sin­gle, inte­grat­ed wall assem­bly that cre­ates an air­tight, con­tin­u­ous­ly insu­lat­ed build­ing enve­lope that pro­vides sub­stan­tial­ly high­er lev­els of per­for­mance and safe­ty. Design teams should con­sid­er the fol­low­ing points when eval­u­at­ing Bau­tex Block for school build­ing projects.

(See Table 1.1 on last page for sum­ma­ry):

FIRST COSTS: Speed and ease of con­struc­tion are the pri­ma­ry ben­e­fits of con­struct­ing with Bau­tex Block, which pro­vides bet­ter build­ing per­for­mance in a sin­gle, inte­grat­ed assem­bly. The large, light­weight blocks are stacked quick­ly with­out mor­tar and are installed by a sin­gle trade using less- skilled labor than oth­er tra­di­tion­al wall sys­tems. Over­all cost of instal­la­tion is com­pet­i­tive, but the sav­ings in project time­line can be sig­nif­i­cant.

OPERATING COSTS: Bau­tex Block is an energy‑e cient R‑14 con­tin­u­ous­ly insu­lat­ed mass wall that exceeds the 2015 IECC ener­gy codes for cli­mate zones 1 through 6 by as much as 246%7. The sys­tem is very durable with prop­er nish­es and is not sus­cep­ti­ble to mold, rot or degra­da­tion in per­for­mance. With Bau­tex Block, no addi­tion­al main­te­nance is required over time.

IMPROVED LEARNING ENVIRONMENT: With the instal­la­tion of a flu­id-applied air and mois­ture bar­ri­er, Bau­tex Block walls pro­vide demon­stra­bly high­er lev­els of air tight­ness and ener­gy effi­cien­cy. Con­tin­u­ous insu­la­tion and ther­mal mass also con­tribute to a sta­ble and com­fort­able indoor tem­per­a­ture and high noise reduc­tion.

HEALTH & SAFETY: The air and mois­ture bar­ri­er typ­i­cal­ly installed with the Bau­tex Block sys­tem helps to elim­i­nate pol­lu­tants and aller­gens from infil­trat­ing the class­room envi­ron­ment. The sys­tem also pro­vides one of the high­est re safe­ty rat­ings of any wall sys­tem, and meets FEMA stan­dards for hur­ri­cane and tor­na­do safe room con­struc­tion.

SUSTAINABILITY: Bau­tex Blocks are excep­tion­al­ly e cient in the use of mate­ri­als and uti­lize 28% recy­cled mate­ri­als by weight. For projects in Texas, Okla­homa, Arkansas and Louisiana, design teams can take advan­tage of pur­chas­ing local and region­al mate­ri­als. Due to the longevi­ty of con­crete con­struc­tion, build­ings that use insu­lat­ed con­crete block like Bau­tex Block can expe­ri­ence long life­cy­cles.

Some school dis­tricts also man­date LEED for Schools (http://​www​.usg​bc​.org/​l​e​e​d​/​r​a​t​i​n​g​-​s​y​s​tems/ schools) to empha­size per­for­mance and sus­tain­abil­i­ty. The desired e ect of build­ing to meet or exceed codes, such as LEED®, is to improve ener­gy effi­cien­cies and max­i­mize sus­tain­able build­ing prac­tices.

Schools con­struct­ed with Bau­tex Block exceed cur­rent ener­gy-effi­cien­cy codes man­dat­ed by local or region­al author­i­ties in most cli­mate zones in the U.S., and can con­tribute to many of the sus­tain­abil­i­ty goals for vol­un­tary pro­grams like LEED.

Facil­i­ty direc­tors who run the build­ings are more aware and con­sci­en­tious of ener­gy effi­cien­cy now than ever before. Dis­tricts are rais­ing their stan­dards for e cient sys­tems. The build­ing enve­lope is a major fac­tor because of ris­ing ener­gy costs and stricter ener­gy-relat­ed codes. Using the right build­ing mate­ri­als, like insu­lat­ed con­crete block, is key to con­struct­ing a bet­ter build­ing enve­lope.”

—James Helm, AIA, LEED AP BD+C, Prin­ci­pal Ran­dall-Porter­field Archi­tects, Inc.

CONCLUSION:

ENERGY-EFFICIENT, HIGH-PERFORMANCE SCHOOLS ENABLE SCHOOL DISTRICTS TO MAKE A SIGNIFICANT AND LASTING POSITIVE IMPACT ON THEIR COMMUNITIES

Build­ing the most ener­gy-effi­cient, safe and effec­tive learn­ing spaces pos­si­ble is espe­cial­ly chal­leng­ing in an envi­ron­ment of increas­ing­ly con­strained bud­gets, but school dis­trict admin­is­tra­tors and design pro­fes­sion­als need to con­sid­er the once-in-a-gen­er­a­tion oppor­tu­ni­ties that come with plan­ning and build­ing a high-per­for­mance school for their com­mu­ni­ty. The mil­lions of dol­lars a school saves from great­ly reduced ener­gy con­sump­tion can direct­ed toward oth­er high-pri­or­i­ty needs, such as teach­ers, tech­nol­o­gy and more aca­d­e­m­ic pro­grams.

Increas­ing build­ing per­for­mance through incre­men­tal changes to tra­di­tion­al build­ing sys­tems should be eval­u­at­ed on whether these ad-hoc solu­tions gen­uine­ly meet all of the per­for­mance goals that admin­is­tra­tors seek, while also tak­ing into account any poten­tial tradeo s such as speed of con­struc­tion, life safe­ty, ini­tial and long-term cost, and cre­at­ing the best learn­ing envi­ron­ments for stu­dents over the life of the build­ing.

Watch Bau­tex Sys­tems video on how its wall sys­tem using Bau­tex Block can with­stand storms. http://​bit​.ly/​1​I​zDTEe

Watch Bau­tex Sys­tems video on how its wall sys­tem using Bau­tex Block can pro­vide four-hour re resis­tance. http://​bit​.ly/​1​O​Y4RcD

Read Bau­tex Sys­tems Ener­gy Effi­cien­cy Case Study and nd out how a high- per­for­mance build­ing can be con­struct­ed quick­ly and cost-effec­tive­ly while pro­vid­ing decades of extreme ener­gy effi­cien­cy and cost-sav­ings. http://​bit​.ly/​1​W​9ab2j

1 Nation­al Coun­cil on School­house Con­struc­tion, 1964
2 Texas Green Schools: More than just a pass­ing trend. http://​doc​slide​.us/​d​o​c​u​m​e​n​t​s​/​t​e​x​a​s​-​g​r​e​e​n​-​s​c​h​o​o​l​s​-​m​o​r​e​-​t​h​a​n​-​j​u​s​t​-​a​-​p​a​s​s​i​n​g​-​t​r​e​n​d​-​c​-​d​e​n​i​s​e​-​shaw-
aia-leed-ap-pfluger-associates-architects-inc-denisepflugerassociatescom-cefpi.html
3 Cen­ter for Inno­v­a­tive School Facil­i­ties http://www.osba.org/~/media/Files/Resources/Improving%20Education/CISF%20Policy%20Brief.pdf
4 School Plan­ning and Man­age­ment, Cre­at­ing Healthy Schools http://​web​spm​.com/​A​r​t​i​c​l​e​s​/​2014​/​03​/​01​/​C​r​e​a​t​i​n​g​-​H​e​a​l​t​h​y​-​S​c​h​o​o​l​s​.aspx
5 School Plan­ning and Man­age­ment, Pleas­ing and Green http://​web​spm​.com/​A​r​t​i​c​l​e​s​/​2014​/​03​/​01​/​B​u​i​l​d​i​n​g​-​P​r​o​d​u​c​t​s​-​M​a​t​e​r​i​a​l​s​.aspx
6 Green Your School from U.S. Depart­ment of Ener­gy http://​ener​gy​.gov/​e​e​r​e​/​e​d​u​c​a​t​i​o​n​/​g​r​e​e​n​-​y​o​u​r​-​s​chool
72015 Inter­na­tion­al Ener­gy Con­ser­va­tion Code, Table C402.2, Opaque Ther­mal Enve­lope Require­ments (Zone 1& 2 require R‑5.7 con­tin­u­ous insu­la­tion for mass walls).