Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings

In the United States, almost 20 percent of the total energy used is by schools, hospitals, hotels and other com­mer­cial buildings. Incor­po­rat­ing energy-saving features into new and old com­mer­cial buildings can save both energy and money. These features can also improve the comfort level for those that work and spend time in the buildings. An inno­v­a­tive approach to creating an energy efficient com­mer­cial building is the whole-building design. A method proved to save both money and energy. The whole-building method is where all the parts of a building are designed and built to work together as a complete system, not as indi­vid­ual parts. According to the Office of Energy Effi­cien­cy & Renewable Energy, struc­tures built by the whole-building approach can be nearly 70 percent more efficient than struc­tures built by a con­ven­tion­al approach.

Whole Building Design Increases Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings

The whole building design consists of two parts. The inte­grat­ed design approach and the inte­grat­ed team process. The inte­grat­ed design approach is when everyone involved in the project works as a team and brings their expertise to the table. The team includes the archi­tects, engineers, devel­op­ers, con­trac­tors, owners, and even the people who will occupy and work in the building. As a team, they look at the project’s goals, the con­struc­tion materials, systems, and assem­blies. As a group, they set goals for energy effi­cien­cy, per­for­mance, and creative use of the space.The team is involved in all facets of the building’s design and construction.

The inte­grat­ed team process ensures that everyone on the team interacts closely through­out all phases of the project. From defining the need for the building, through planning, design, con­struc­tion, com­mis­sion­ing, building occupancy, oper­a­tions, and main­te­nance. Team members should also under­stand each other’s issues and concerns and be prepared to assist with problems outside their expertise. Whole building design treats the building process as one entity, not a col­lec­tion of separate projects.

A Solid, Insulated Building Envelope can Lower Energy Costs and Save Energy

In 2012, nearly 35 percent of the energy used in com­mer­cial buildings was for heating and cooling. A quick way to lower energy costs in a com­mer­cial building is to adjust the ther­mo­stat. Also, regularly cleaning and main­tain­ing the HVAC system can reduce heating and cooling bills. On a larger scale, ensuring the build­ing’s envelope is insulated, solid, and air tight can sig­nif­i­cant­ly improve the comfort level inside a building and decrease the use of energy. The build­ing’s envelope is the thermal barrier that controls the flow of heat, moisture, and air between the exterior and interior of the building. It includes the walls, roof, windows and doors.

Energy Efficient Walls

The walls of a high per­form­ing, energy efficient com­mer­cial building must also meet standards for safety and fire-resis­tance. Materials for walls that are light, easy to install and have high levels of insu­la­tion are best. Bautex Block is an example of such material. It is a light­weight, stay-in-place insulated concrete block that installs quickly, is durable, fire-rated, noise-reducing, and storm-resistant.

The thermal mass of the Bautex block wall absorbs energy and delays transfer through the outside walls of the structure. Utilizing Bautex blocks results in lower HVAC operating costs than when utilizing low mass systems like metal and wood framing in the exterior walls. The color and textures of a building’s exterior walls also affect the way heat is absorbed and radiated by the building. Cool colors that reflect the sun’s rays are the most energy efficient. Installing walls that have high levels of con­tin­u­ous insu­la­tion is essential to a high per­form­ing, energy efficient com­mer­cial building.

Energy Efficient Roofing

There are several ways to make the roof of a com­mer­cial building energy efficient. In all climates, solar panels on the roof can collect the sun’s energy and convert it to elec­tric­i­ty, which saves energy, money and slows global warming. In warm climates, the most energy efficient roofing is light in color or metallic so that it reflects the sun’s rays.

Energy Efficient Windows

When planning for an energy efficient com­mer­cial building, windows and lighting are an essential con­sid­er­a­tion. High-per­for­mance buildings make the most of natural light by placing the windows to maximize incoming sunlight and minimize excess heat. Shades and louvers on southern facing windows can block out the heat in the summer and let warmth in during the winter.

Windows that auto­mat­i­cal­ly darken when direct sunlight hits them (elec­trochromic and ther­mochromic) give added control of bright­ness, glare, and heat. As of 2012, ten percent of energy use in com­mer­cial buildings goes to lighting. Efficient and practical use of natural light can easily reduce the energy bill in a com­mer­cial building.

Energy Efficient Workstations

Finally, creating energy efficient work­sta­tions can save on the energy bills in com­mer­cial buildings. Consider more natural lighting, energy-efficient laptop computers, LED desk lamps, and energy man­age­ment systems that can monitor, control and conserve energy in the building.

Building an energy efficient com­mer­cial building is no longer a con­sid­er­a­tion. It is a require­ment. Energy efficient com­mer­cial buildings have increased profits, reduced operating expenses, and increased property value. An excellent example of an energy efficient building is the Bautex head­quar­ters, in San Marcos, Texas. It is a 3900 square foot office building built specif­i­cal­ly to reduce energy con­sump­tion and improve indoor envi­ron­men­tal quality. Bautex, along with real estate developer Ironsight PSMT, incor­po­rat­ed the use of con­tin­u­ous insu­la­tion and mass wall system, inte­grat­ed building envelope design and efficient HVAC and lighting systems to create a high-per­form­ing office building at a com­pet­i­tive market cost. Bautex headquarter’s cost for lighting, heating, and cooling is 59 percent lower than the energy con­sump­tion of the typical office building in their region of the country. Inte­grat­ing all the parts of the building so that they work together, is key to creating an energy efficient, high per­form­ing com­mer­cial building.